Smooth Edges Photoshop plays a vital role in Photoshop editing services. You will see a dramatic change in the image after smoothing edges.
By the way, if you are looking for how to smooth edges in Photoshop? I will share a complete guideline to get a sharp & smooth edge in any complex background. The smooth edge is an integral part of making composite photos, product images, or magazine photos. I will also share secret tips to avoid jagged edges.
Background Removing is an essential technique that needs to remove distracting background unwanted objects. Besides, it makes the image appealing. There are lots of different techniques to cut out images using Photoshop CC 2020 Tools & Toolbar. Depending on the background complexity, you need to apply different techniques.
Unfortunately, a single method is unable to give the best performance. So, apply a 2-3 technique at a time to make the selection efficient. While cutting images, you must face problems with edges. Moreover, cut-out images contain ragged edges in limbs or hair or legs area.
What is Smooth Edge? Why We Need it and What Tools are The Best
While you cut out images from the background, it is highly essential to make the cutting edges smooth. But unprofessional clipping services cut your important outer edges inaccurately. Thus, your subject contains jagged edges that can distract the audience.
When you fix all the rough & jagged edges from a cutout & low-quality images called smooth edges. Soften the middle pixel between the border & background. As a result, you will get a smooth edge.
In this digital age, E-commerce business, digital photography, advertisements, or magazines all depends on the web. They need a high-quality product photo or portrait image without any jagged edges. Here the perfect image is the key to their business success. In this competitive business field, it is impossible to win the race with low-quality images.
When you capture photos with a low-quality camera, it can result in a rough edge. Moreover, while you cut out the distracting background to make the image appealing, it can also make jagged edges. Unfortunately, rough edges give you low-quality photos. So, refine the imperfect edges to make it smooth & appealing. It is highly essential for the betterment of your business. Covid -19 pandemic makes the online marketplace more competitive. You can’t skip edges if you want to reach your goal.
Photoshop is the best software among all other tools to fix rough edges. It allows flexibility, depth controlling & proper selection to make the edge smooth as well as smooth skin.
Here we use the below tools to do smooth edges on photoshop.
- Refine Edge brush
- Burn Tool
- Dodge tool
- Gaussian Blur
Why Smooth Edges are Essential
Photoshop is the leading photo editing tool. This giant software comes with magical retouching tools to make your digital photograph attractive. It allows dozens of features to solve your image problems.
Moreover, while you do cut out images or capture photos with low-quality cameras that produce jagged edges. Hence, your image looks ugly & the photo becomes a wastage. Photoshop allows you to smooth jagged edges & makes your photo appealing. However, it will make your image more natural & appealing.
How to Get Smooth Edges Photoshop
To make your cutout perfect, I bring an effective channel pull technique with dodging & burning & edge Refining. We will use a powerful dodge & burn process to create a mask. You will be glad to know that this channel pull technique will be applicable for all Photoshop.
Firstly, select the subject from the image. From the left toolbar, choose the Quick Selection tool & select the subject.
Select Channels Panel
Now look at the bottom right side & click on the channel. Then you will find a new window that shows the color contrasting percentage of your images.
Now select the channel that contains the most contrast color. For our sample images, it is blue & we choose the blue channel.
Create a new Channel
Now keep the mouse pointer on the Blue channel & drag it to the new channel icon from the bottom of the photoshop. It displays a “+” icon. It helps to make a new copy channel to develop our tricks.
Then From the top Options bar, Click on Select-Modify- Contract, then enter 12-16pixels.
Finally, click on, Ok.
As a result, your selection will bump inside the photo.
Choose black colors to fill the selection. From the Toolbar, you can directly select the Foreground color or to do a quick selection you can enter D to change the color. For filling the foreground color enter Alt/Option Delete.
From the option bar, click on Select-Modify- set expand by 20-35pixel based on your image resolution.
Now it’s time to reverse the selection. It’s a simple task. Just follow the command below.
- Enter Cmd/Ctrl+ Shift+I
Are you surprised to see the amazing inverse selection? It helps to make your cutout image more accurate.
Replace Fill Color
Change the fill color to white. Simply press Ctrl/Cmd + Delete. It will change the foreground color.
Then deselect the inverse selection. Follow the command below.
- Ctrl/Cmd+ D
See the below results, how it works.
Now you are done with the cutout but zoom in the photo & crucially watching the edges. Still, it contains a thin edge that needs to be fixed.
Follow the approach to make it sharp & smooth.
How to Detect Edges
To make smooth edges, at first, discover the rugged edges. If your picture contains undulations & hair or fur edge, including lights from the background, then you can apply edge detection to find out the rough edge.
In your Edge Detection window, you will find the Radius slider & Smart Radius checkbox. To control your output, initially, you should set a low value. Then gradually raise it. Besides, you should keep the smart Radius unchecked.
If you are not satisfied with the detection results, then you need to increase the Radius pixel. Again check the work edges, whether it can detect all the triggered edges. In the case of hair, I guess a 5-pixel can give perfect edge detection. So, based on your image complexity, this value can vary.
Use Refine Edges Brush Tool
In case your image contains hair or fur, this type of edge is challenging to make smooth. I use a different technique, but none can satisfy me with the result. After doing the various experiments, I find Refined Edge Brush is a useful tool to smooth the intricate hairy edges.
This tool will magically smooth any flyaway hair, fur, or fix fuzzy hair edges. From the left toolbar, click on brush & select the 2nd Refine edge brush.
You already mark the critical or rough edges. Zoom in the photo to get a better view of your rough edge. You can change the refine brush tool size by pressing an open or close bracket. It is better to start with a small size brush. Now take the mouse pointer over the fur edges. Then begin painting with your mouse on a little hair area. It will make that hair area smoother within a moment.
Gradually move the mouse pointer & drag it on the rough edge to fix it. It will change the whole craggy, sloppy, or rough edges to new smooth, clear & sharp edges. The perfection of the hair edges must impress you. See the below images where we apply refine brush edge. Even you can examine it with a 400% zoom-in mode. But you won’t find any extra light or craggy hair.
This technique gives the best result in the case of hair, fur, or other complex issues that exist in the subject. I am sure you won’t get this type of perfect smooth edges in any other method.
Use the Burn Tool
From the left toolbar, select Burn Tool & check the top Options bar. Change the Range drop-down to Shadows & Exposure to 15%.
Press Alt & zoom in the photo to view the rough edges clearly. Then start painting with your mouse over the jagged edge. Then notice the changes it makes. It smooths the edges amazingly. You just watch the below images to feel the differences.
Use Dodge Tool
After smoother with the burn tool, apply Dodging.
From the toolbar now choose Burn Tool. Zoom in the images. Now find out the dark edge. Then change it to highlights & drag over that edge to lighten it. You need to do painting gradually with the burn tool to make the edges softer & natural.
While you are fixing hair edges, you can apply both Burn & Dodge tools to get the best output.
Suppose you are not happy yet with the edges & want to make it more smooth. Then follow the below two techniques. But if you already fix your edge issues, then you can skip it.
Apply Gaussian Blur
You can also apply the Gaussian blur to fix jagged edges. Follow the command.
- Choose Filter- Blur- Gaussian blur.
It will smooth your jagged edges within a moment. If your image contains a more bumpy edge, then select a high blur radius. You can change the radius slider to increase or decrease it. Check the visual display to select the right radius to get the best improvements.
Level adjustments are an effective method to convert your rough edges into a smooth one. Follow the command below to make the level adjustments.
- Choose Image- Adjustments – Levels.
Now you can see a new window that displays three sliding arrows. Here the right arrow will help you make your image white, the left one will make the image thin & the middle arrow helps generate a combination of both. You can also check the output in the visual display. Gradually slide the arrow & check the edges to determine the ideal level to get a smooth edge.
Now it’s time to lead the selection. Follow the below command.
- Press Cmd/Ctrl + Click on the Channel. Thus, it will select the white areas on the images.
Now from the channel panel, select RGB. As a result, you will get the main channel back.
Now you need to do masking. Follow the below command to create a new layer mask.
- Hold Down Alt/Option & press on the new layer mask button from the right bottom side.
See the below images. You are making clean & nice cutout images with smooth edges Photoshop.
FAQ on Smooth Edges Photoshop
Final Verdict on Smooth Edges Photoshop
I hope this article will solve your selection struggle. Now you will easily make smooth edges on Photoshop. Follow all the steps to get a sharp edge without a jaggier & ragged edge.
If your cut-out image contains rugged edges, that can make a bad impression on viewers & clients. So, it’s essential to smooth the edge to attract the audience.
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